Common infections

Common Infections

From gastroenteritis to sore throats and head colds- there are many common infections that cause people to miss work, university or other scheduled commitments. Most viral illnesses are self-limiting, and simply require time, rest and supportive measures such as adequate hydration and pain relief. In the case of the common cold, there are many remedies available over-the-counter in pharmacies- however only some are scientifically proven to help- we look at these in our article about treatment for the common cold.  Gastroenteritis also tends to be a self-limiting illness. The key is good fluid intake- oral rehydration solutions such as Hydrolyte or Gastrolyte are particularly helpful. We also take a look at some common childhood viruses such as Croup, Hand Foot and Mouth disease and Slapped Cheek Syndrome. Many parents worry about high fevers in their children- we explore what causes a high temperature, strategies for management, and the warning signs that something more serious might be going on.

Health Library- Common Infections

Slapped Cheek Syndrome- the key facts

Slapped Cheek Syndrome is one of those slightly odd viruses that frequently crops up in schools and childcare facilities. It is caused by a virus called Parvovirus B19 (you may have heard of dogs and cats being infected with Parvovirus, but it’s a different strain). Parents, carers and pregnant women often have quite a [...]

By |Common infections|Comments Off on Slapped Cheek Syndrome- the key facts

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease- 10 key facts

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease can be caused by a number of different viruses-  Coxsackievirus A16 is the most common, and Enterovirus 71 is the second-most common. With many other childhood viral illnesses, infection gives lifelong immunity- but as Hand Foot and Mouth disease can be caused by a variety of viruses, it’s possible to get it [...]

By |Common infections|Comments Off on Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease- 10 key facts

Croup-what causes the barking cough?… and other key facts

What is croup? Croup is an infection of the airways which affects young children, mainly in autumn and winter. Parents often recognise the tell-tale barking cough, and sometimes compare it to the sound of a sea-lion. This distinctive sound is caused by swelling of the larynx (voice-box) and trachea (windpipe). Croup is most common [...]

By |Common infections|Comments Off on Croup-what causes the barking cough?… and other key facts

The Flu Vaccine- who should have it?

Influenza, or flu, is a highly contagious viral infection. It usually spreads from person to person by coughing or sneezing, or by contact with the virus from contaminated surfaces. It commonly causes fever, muscle aches and sore throat, and in severe cases, can lead to pneumonia and death. Every year in Australia, flu is [...]

By |Influenza|Comments Off on The Flu Vaccine- who should have it?

Sore throat- when is an antibiotic needed?

Sore throat (pharyngitis) is very common. It is usually caused by a viral infection or less commonly, a bacterial infection. In addition, you may have: • A hoarse voice. • A mild cough. • A high temperature (fever). • A headache. • A feeling of wanting to be sick (nausea). • Tiredness. • Swollen [...]

By |Sore Throat|Comments Off on Sore throat- when is an antibiotic needed?

Vomiting and Diarrhoea- is it more than gastro?

Vomiting, diarrhoea and tummy cramps are common symptoms of ‘food poisoning’, ‘gastroenteritis’ or a tummy bug- but if the symptoms don’t settle down within a few days, you may need to be checked over by a doctor. Acute (‘short term’) diarrhoea due to a tummy bug is common, but there are some warning signs [...]

By |Gastroenteritis|Comments Off on Vomiting and Diarrhoea- is it more than gastro?

Food poisoning-the facts and how to avoid it

Gastroenteritis, commonly known as “gastro” , is an infection of the gut (intestines). It can range from a mild tummy upset for a day or two, with mild diarrhoea, to severe diarrhoea and being sick (vomiting) for several days or longer. Many germs (viruses, bacteria and other microbes) can cause gastroenteritis. Whilst gastroenteritis is often [...]

By |Gastroenteritis|Comments Off on Food poisoning-the facts and how to avoid it

Gastro- how to self-treat and to see a doctor

Gastroenteritis, commonly referred to as gastro, is an infection of the gut (intestines). It can range from a mild tummy upset for a day or two with mild diarrhoea, to severe diarrhoea and being sick (vomiting) for several days or longer. Many different germs (viruses, bacteria and other microbes) can cause gastroenteritis. Most cases [...]

By |Gastroenteritis|Comments Off on Gastro- how to self-treat and to see a doctor