What causes period pain?
Period pain occurs when the uterus works harder than normal to shed its lining, leading to contractions and cramps. The hormone-like compounds that cause these contractions are called prostaglandins, and can be reduced by taking anti-inflammatory medications.
While most women who experience bad period pain have no underlying health issues, sometimes there can be a cause for the pain, such as pelvic infection, adenomyosis, endometriosis or fibroids. If a woman regularly gets bad period pain, she should speak to a doctor for further assessment and advice.